Rail transport was introduced in Burma in May 1877 (when Lower Burma was a colony of the United Kingdom and part of British India) with the opening of the Rangoon -to … [11] The railway had a total length of 5,125 kilometres (3,185 mi) in December 2008, including the Yangon-Mandalay line's double-track section. (hereinafter referred to as ", Covid-19: 70 new cases, death toll at 109 as at May 11, KL Sentral sees train passengers increase, Social distancing derailed in train due to technical glitch, says KTMB. In the late 19th century, the growing railway system was administered from these premises. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877,by the Ir-rawaddy State Railway. Myanmar Railway Headquarters info This simple but elegant buildings was constructed as the headquarters of the state-run Burma Railways, founded during the British colonial era in 1877. We have a dedicated railway tour of … With return on capital declining, Burma Railways became the country's single largest debt item when the financial separation of India and Burma took place in 1937. [5], The British had long planned to construct a railway line connecting India with Siam (now Thailand) and China. The first railway line in Myanmar was built by the British in 1877 from Yangon to Pyay (then known as Prome), 259km to the northwest, on the banks of the Irrawaddy River. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. Since Yunnan was in Chinese hands under Chiang Kai-shek, they looked for a southern route to Burma from Thailand and settled on a line from Ban Pong to Thanbyuzayat across the mountains separating the two countries. This was a result of bitter price competition among bidders for the procurement of passenger coaches and freight wagons. In 1942 the British Governor took over the powers and functions of the Burma Railway Board and delegated these power to a body of persons with the Chief Railway Commissioner as ex-officio president. Yangon Circular Railway serves the larger Yangon metropolitan area. In 1896, before the completion of the line to Myitkyina, the rail companies were combined into the publicly owned Burma Railway Company. Closing Date 31 October 2017. What later became the Burma Railway eventually extended to more than 4,800 kilometres of track, spanning much of the country, with the main stations being Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay. The first railway line, running from Yangon to Pyay (Prome) and built in 1877, followed the Irrawaddy valley. The Union of Burma Railway was again reorganized in 1972 and the power and the functions of the Union of the Burma Railway Board were entrusted into the hands of the management committee with the Managing Director who also was to be the Chief Executives as Chairman and the name, Union of Burma Railways was changed to the Burma Railways Corporation. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 when Lower Burma was a British colony with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Pyay line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway.In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. The railway opened in 1877 when Myanmar, then known as Burma, was a colony of Britain. The project also aims to preserve the heritage of the Yangon Central railway station, which was first built in 1877. [10] Its construction is depicted in the film, The Bridge on the River Kwai. Trains in Myanmar are classified Up (heading north) or Down (heading south), and each route has a number. Around this time, they began to lose money because of competition from road transport. In the last few years the railway branch lines have been extended north towards Bagan. A.O1 left Yangon Central Railway Station at 6 a.m. and headed to Insein Railway Station, carrying Commissioner Augustus Rivers Thompson and a number of distinguished guests. was available from Myanmar Railway), which was substantially lower than the estimated required fund. [1][page needed] The Inwa Bridge at Sagaing, Burma's only bridge across the Irrawaddy, opened in 1934[4] with two decks: one for road traffic and one for trains.[5]. On the 1st of December 1951, the Union of Burma Railway Board Act was enacted under which a full-time permanent Chairman was appointed, who was also to be the Chief Executive Officer. Myanmar Railway Map . This began an upsurge in construction and track-doubling, and Myanmar Railways operated 11 divisions over 5,068 kilometres (3,149 mi) of track by 2000. Facilitation of International Railway Transport 9-12 December, 2019 Ba Myint Managing Director MyanmaRailways Ministry of Transport and Communications MYANMAR THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS MYANMA RAILWAYS Rail Infrastructure Development Plan and History of Myanmar Railways The first railway in Myanmar was opened in 1877. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay Railway Project is a major exit of China and it is also the project linking with Myanmar. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. Several trains run daily from Yangon on the first railway line built in Myanmar in 1877. This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private company, The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway Company. The original Yangon Budagyi, or main railway station, was built under colonial rule in 1877. The first railway in what was then the British colony of Lower Burma opened in 1877 between Rangoon (Yangon) and Prome (Pyay), a distance of 161 miles (259 km). Subsequent development was to the same [6] Between 1898 and 1905, another 278 miles (447 km) of railway was built. During the Japanese occupation of Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build the Burma Railway. During the postwar era, the rail network was rebuilt. May 1, 1877 saw the launch of Myanmar’s first railway line creating a better strategic connection with British India, European markets and unconquered parts of the country. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it seems that it was built to metre gauge. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. [4] Until the Thanlwin Bridge opened in 2006, it was impossible to travel from Rangoon to Moulmein by rail. Therefore, it will be okay only if China gets involved, Ba Myint, Managing Director of Myanma Railways, told The Daily Eleven. Most routes are single-track, although large portions of the Yangon-Pyay and Yangon-Mandalay routes are double-track. Each train route also has a designated two- or three-digit number. The Mu Valley State Railway was formed after the opening of this section, and construction began on a rail line from Sagaing to Myitkyina connecting Mandalay to Shwebo (1891), Wuntho (1893),[3] Katha (1895) and Myitkyina (1898). 16.96%. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877, by the Irrawaddy State Railway. myanmar railway. The colonial structure of the Yangon railway station and rusting antiquated trains instantly gives you an old time feeling. During the Japanese occupation of Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build the Burma Railway. [4] In 1928, the Burma Railway Company was dissolved; the railways were brought directly under government operation and renamed Burma Railways. In 1942, The country had 3,313 kilometres (2,059 mi) of meter-gauge track in 1942, but during World War II the Japanese removed about 480 kilometres (300 mi). first appeared on Ministry Of Rail Transportation. Myanmar 500+ connections. When it was built, it was the longest such viaduct in the world. This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private [Read more…] Myanmar Train Guide. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. Upper class has very confortable seats. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. From Mandalay it crossed the river and, avoiding the Irrawaddy valley, went up the [7][8] The track rises in a continuous 1:40 gradient, and the viaduct (designed by Alexander Rendel & Sons and built by the Pennsylvania Steel Company) was considered an engineering marvel at the time. GG. The building was designed in the British Victorian style and the access roads were bordered by grassy lawns. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 when Lower Burma was a British colony with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Pyay line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway. So nice experience to travel slowly through Myanmar, and share this moment with burmese families, monks, and all those who pick up the train to sell some food etc. Burma's last major rail line, from Thazi on the Rangoon-Mandalay line to Kalaw (a hill station in the southern Shan State) was built between 1914 and 1918. Yangon Central railway station was first built in 1877 by the British to support Burma's first railway line, from Yangon to Pyay. The line was not extended to Mandalay; instead, after 1886 a new railway from Yangon up the Sittang valley was constructed, meeting the Irrawaddy at Mandalay. It is a part of the Western North-South Corridor (Yangon-Pyay-Magway-Mandalay), which is a priority corridor of Myanmar National Transport Plan (MYT-Plan), 4 including 33% of Myanmar’s population and 42% of the gross domestic product. In 1884 the Sittang Valley State Railway, a new company, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittang River from Rangoon to Toungoo via Pegu. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 ⁄8 in) metre gauge. Yangon Central Railway Station is Myanmar’s largest train station, built by the British in 1877. Join to Connect Yoma Land Real Estate Developer. Myanmar Railway Invitation for Bid. [6] The latter railway included the Gokteik viaduct, a 2,260-foot-long (690 m), 320-foot-high (98 m) viaduct across the Gokteik gorge near Nawnghkio. Majority of the workers are given the chance whether to commute or to drive to work. [9] The Mandalay-Lashio railway was planned to extend to Kunlong (on the border) and into China's Yunnan province, but the plan was abandoned because of the difficult terrain. The only thing that was helpful - delivery of tickets to hotel. The 5,403-kilometre (3,357 mi) metre gauge rail network consists of 858 stations, and generally spans north to south with branch lines to east and west. Yangon, Myanmar (Burma) Since its original construction in 1877, Yangon Central Railway Station has served as an important transportation link for the Burmese people. Answered: History of rail transport in Myanmar This article is part of the history of rail transport series. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_rail_transport_in_Myanmar&oldid=990992841, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chaung-U-Tawkyaungyi (23.4 km), part of the 406.3-kilometre (252 mi) Chaung-U-Pakokku-Kalaymyo line, Tada-U-Mandalay International Airport (11.8 km), Namsang-Moe-Ne (44.3 km), the first section of the eastern extension of the Thazi-Shwenyaung line, Tavoy-Yephu (17.2 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Tavoy line, Pyay-Myade/Aunglan-Satthwa (145.4 km), an alternative line to Bagan, Kaloggyi-Yephu (141.6 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Dawei line, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:08. By 1961 the network was 3,020 kilometres (1,880 mi) long, remaining constant until the opening of a 36-kilometre (22 mi) line from Kyaukpadaung to Kyini in October 1970. The post Why Drive a Car than Commute? Pyay is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwady River on a lovely location. The Burma Mines Railway, an 80-kilometre (50-mile) 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge line from Namyao (on Myanmar Railways' Mandalay-Lashio branch) via Namtu to Bawdwin, was completed in 1908. The station was located on the southern side of the railway compound on the upper block of Phayre Street (now Pansodan Street) in the downtown area. A 110-mile (180 km) branch line from the Rangoon-Pyay railroad connected Bassein in the Irrawaddy delta to Rangoon, and the Mandalay-Hsipaw-Lashio railway ran 117 miles (188 km) through the Shan Hills (nearly to the border with China). [1][page needed] This became evident at the start of the Third Anglo-Burmese War (a year after Sittang line opened) and during the unrest which followed the war. Report this profile About ... the Group’s iconic Landmark Project will host the former headquarters of the Myanmar Railway Company built in 1877 which will be restored into the Yangon Peninsula Hotel and complemented by luxury residences, hotel and commercial development. (hereinafter referred to as " MR "). Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. [2] The construction of the two lines cost £1,926,666; the railway was profitable by 1888, returning more than five percent on capital investment. Myanmar Railways (MR) (Burmese: မြန်မာ့ မီးရထား, pronounced: [mjəma̰ míjətʰá]; also spelled Myanma Railways; formerly Burma Railways) is the state-owned agency that operates the railway network in Myanmar. Site’s Overlap Score 25. The company's coal and rolling stock were imported from India or Britain. Visitors can stop over in Pyay and travel on to Bagan and Mandalay. [1]:26 With the annexation of Upper Burma, the railway was extended by 220 miles (350 km) from Toungoo to Mandalay (the fallen capital of the Ava kingdom) in 1889. Trains in more remote parts of Myanmartend to be the slowest and least reliable. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. When the Japanese occupied Thailand and Burma, they decided to build a railway connecting their Southeast Asian territories with Burma (partly to facilitate the movement of troops and supplies for their planned invasion of India). After the First World War, a line was built between Moulmein and Ye at the northern end of the Mergui Archipelago. The 163-mile (262 km) line, following the Irrawaddy River, was built over a three-year period with labour imported from India (particularly the areas affected by the Bihar famine of 1873–74). Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988. Rail transport was introduced in Burma in May 1877 (when Lower Burma was a colony of the United Kingdom and part of British India) with the opening of the Rangoon-to-Prome line by the Irrawaddy Valley State Railway. It is a city halfway between Yangon and Bagan. Subsequent development was to the same gauge, though the 50 miles (80 km) Burma Mines Railway opened in 1906 operated on a separate 2 ft(610 mm) gauge. The Irrawaddy line was considered commercially important because it could transport rice from the valley to the main port at Rangoon, and the Sittang line was strategically important because of Toungoo's proximity to the border with Upper Burma (then part of the Ava kingdom). Classes are divided into: Note that, in general, train conditions on the main Yangon to Mandalay route are superior to other lines around the country: trains are cleaner and air conditioning systems are more likely to work. The first railway line in Myanmar, the Yangon-Pyay (then called Prome) line, was put into commission 142 years ago today. Being developed on about 10 acres (4.6 hectares) of prime downtown land owned by Myanma Railways, the build-operate-transfer project will feature luxury residences, office towers, a business hotel and serviced apartments, and will also include the heritage-listed Burma Railways headquarters, built in 1877, which is being transformed into a five-star Peninsula hotel. The Yangon Central Railway Station, which will take at least eight years to complete, is expected to link the south of Yangon to the downtown business district and promote more extensive trade and economic growth across Yangon. In 1943, retreating British troops destroyed the station to avoid it falling into Japanese hands. At the opening ceremony, the first train pulled by a steam locomotive No. The first railway opened in Myanmar in 1877, between the Second and Third Anglo-Burmese Wars. The improvement of the section between British companies examined the possibility of building a railway from Rangoon to Yunnan to link with a second line from Bangkok to Yunnan, but were unable to obtain financial backing.[10]. Ganna G. train #120 Sleeper, Myanmar Railways, Feb 14, 2020. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay is the second longest railroad section after Yangon-Mandalay in Myanmar. Start free trial for all Keywords. But in 1896, Irrawaddy State Railway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge. Coinciding with its completion, Burma’s first railway line opened in 1877 and connected Yangon with Pyay (Prome); a distance of 250 kilometres. The line ran to Martaban, on the Gulf of Martaban at the mouth of the Salween River, and passengers had to take a ferry to Moulmein. Myanmar and India were separated in 1937 and the Government of Myanmar formed the Burma Railway Board to look after the affairs of the Myanmar Railways. A lot of track was destroyed during the Second World War, however, and it wasn’t until the early 1960s … This Railway Board continued to function until the 31st of December 1947. On the 4th of January 1948, Myanmar gained independence, and a new Railway Board was instituted with Financial Commissioner, Lands and Rural Development, as Chairman. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. myanmar railways. 1.04%. But in 1896, Irrawaddy State Railway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. Operating on a commercial basis and when the company's lease was ended on the 31st of December 1928, Burma Railways was placed under the Indian Railway Board. Audience Overlap Similar sites that share the same visitors and search keywords with this site. Develop and facilitate all forms of international cooperation among Members and facilitate the sharing of best practices (benchmarking). Since Thanbyuzayat was on the Moulmein-Ye railway line and Ban Pong connected to Bangkok via Kanchanaburi, the line would provide a direct connection (with a ferry from Moulmein to Martaban) between Bangkok and Rangoon. Our Mission & Objectives - Developing strategies and initiatives to improve business performance and increase rail transport investment, To promote services, create awareness among to the society especially in safety and strengthen cooperation among ASEAN countries, The State Law and Order Restoration Council took over state power on 18th September 1988 and following the change of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. Myanmar has over 5,400 km of railway track, operated exclusively by Myanmar Railways, a state owned organisation. By the end of the war, 1,085 kilometres (674 mi) were operational in four isolated sections. The first railway in Myanmar was opened in 1877. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877, by the Irrawaddy State Railway. Due to … Early train travel in Myanmar 41.63%. The first section went into operation in 1877, when Myanmar (then Burma) was a British colony, but the circle was not completed until 1954. The State Law and Order Restoration Council took over state power on 18th September 1988 and following the change of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. [4] In 1907, a line opened connecting Pegu and Moulmein (the capital of British Burma before the Second Anglo-Burmese War). August 3, 2017 by Thiha. This railway created a continuous 724-mile (1,165 km) line from Rangoon to Myitkyina through the Kachin Hills, except for a ferry crossing of the Irrawaddy at Sagaing. The Japanese built the lines with Allied prisoners of war, and an estimated 15,000 POWs and 150,000 others died during the construction of the 245-mile (394 km) railway—about 675 deaths per mile. It was replaced in 1954 by Yangon Central, designed by architect Sithu U Tin, who blended traditional Myanmar and modern design elements. 3.86%. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, … Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988. Similarly the Yangon Circular Railway was built during the colonial times dated back in 1954. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. Subscribe to our tender alert mailing list Date: 2nd August, 2017 IFB No: IFB-MR/YCR/UG/CP201 (T) 2017-18, and MR/YCR/UG/CP202 (T) 2017-18 1. The railways later became a private company. The Yangon-Pyay line is Myanmar’s first rail line, dating 1877. Seems that it was impossible to travel from Rangoon to Moulmein by rail this was a colony Britain! Bagan and Mandalay 1877, between the second and Third Anglo-Burmese Wars than. And the access roads were bordered by grassy lawns April, 1989 Pyay ( Prome line!, 1989 owned organisation ’ s first rail line, from Yangon to Pyay Myanmar then... 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